Shab e Barat in India

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Also known as Bara’at Night, The Night of Records, The Night of Fortune and Forgiveness, Shab e-Barat is a holiday observed on the 14th night of Sha’aban, the eighth month in the Islamic calendar. Shab e-Barat takes place on the full moon and the date of the public holiday in India is dependent on the sighting of the previous new moon signifying the start of the month of Sha’aban.

When is Shab e Barat 2020 ?

This year, Shab e Barat 2020 is expected to be on the night of Wednesday, April 8, 2020. However, exact date is subject to sighting of moon of Shaban, 1441.

9 April 2020

Shab e Barat 2020
Thursday, 15 Shaban 1441h

Shab-e-Barat, also known as night of forgiveness is observed every year on the night between the 14 and 15 of Shaban, it is the night when Allah Subhanahu wa ta’ala forgives the sins of everyone, and decides destinies for the coming years. This night is also called Bara’a Night, Mid-Sha’ban and Laylat al-Bara’at. Muslims also pray for their deceased parents and relatives on this night, and light candles on their graves. You can find the accurate date of Shab e Barat in India on this page.

WHAT IS SHAB-E-BARAT

Shab e Barat is an important night in the Islamic calendar and it is celebrated in the mid of Shaban (on the night in between the 14th and 15th of Shaban). This is the reason why it is called Nisf Shaban. This blessed night starts at sunset on the 14th of Shaban and ends at dawn on the 15th of Shaban.

Different countries have different ways of celebrating this day and each have a different name for it. Nisf Shaban (نصف شعبان‎) is known as Shab e Barat or Shabe Barat (شب برات) in South Asia, especially in Sub-continent, Lailatul Barat (ليلة البراءة) in Arabic, Nisfu Syaban (Malam Nisfu Syaban) in Indonesia and Malaysia and Berat Kandili in Turkey.

Shab e Barat is a night which many Muslims revere as the night of forgiveness, praying the whole night asking Allah to bestow them with His blessings.

SHABE BARAT ACCORDING TO HADITH

First of all, there are no Sahih Hadiths or verses in the Quran that clearly point-out or talk about the significance of the night. However, especially in South Asia, many people celebrate the night, spending the time in worship of Allah.

However, there are some Daaif Hadiths which mentions the importance and virtues of this night.

Aishah (R.A.) narrated that:
“…… He (S.A.W.) said: ‘Indeed Allah, Mighty and Sublime is He, descends to the lowest Heavens during the night of the middle of Shaban, to grant forgiveness to more than the number of hairs on the sheep of (Banu) Kalb.'” (Tirmidhi: 739)

In another Hadith reported by Aishah (R.A.) that the Prophet (S.A.W.) spent the middle night of Shaban in extensive prayer to the extent that she thought he had died. (Al-Bayhaqi & Al-Tabarani).

FASTING ON 15TH SHABAN

There is no authentic Hadith about keeping fast explicitly and exclusively on the 15th day of Shaban. As mentioned above that Prophet (S.A.W.) used to fast frequently during this month. So 15th Shaban cannot be singled out for fasting

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